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Curwen Primary School


Early Years Curriculum

Communication and Language 

Communication and language development involves giving pupils opportunities to experience a rich language environment; to develop their confidence and skills in expressing themselves; and to speak and listen in a range of situations.

At home

  • Talk to your child when you are doing jobs, in the car, are out shopping, etc telling them what you are doing.  Encourage the asking of questions to extend vocabulary.
  • Ask your child to tell you about the things they are doing and show them that you are listening.
  • Read stories to your child. Talk about the books that you have read together.

Physical Development 

Physical development involves providing opportunities for young children to be active and interactive; and to develop their co-ordination, control and movement.Pupils are also helped to understand the importance of physical activity, and to make healthy choices in relation to food.

At home

  • Take your child for walks; play in the garden or the park.
  • Help your child to use a knife and fork.
  • Teach them how to do up zips and buttons.
  • Use balls to play throwing, catching, rolling and kicking games.
  • Allow your child to take risks and be aware of their own limitations.
  • Show your child how to wash their hands effectively and talk about why this is important.

Personal, Social and Emotional Development 

Personal, social and emotional development involves helping pupils to develop a positive sense of themselves and others; to form positive relationships and develop respect for others; to develop social skills and learn how to manage their feelings; to understand appropriate behaviour in groups; and to have confidence in their own abilities.

At home

  • Praise your child for trying hard.
  • Encourage your child to mix with other children and adults and to share their toys.
  • Set clear boundaries for behaviour. Praise your child for doing as they are asked.
  • Encourage your child to be independent.Help them to learn how to get dressed, wash and use the toilet.
  • Play games with your child, encourage them to take turns.


Literacy development involves encouraging pupils to link sounds and letters and to begin to read and write.Pupils are given access to a wide range of reading materials (books, poems, and other written materials) to ignite their interest.

At home

  • Read stories to your child.  Talk about the books that you have read together.
  • Encourage them to play with paper, pencils and pens.  Encourage them to experiment with the marks they can make.
  • When out and about or at home, show your child that print is everywhere; shop names, food packets, television, road signs etc.
  • Take your child to the library and encourage them to choose books to share.


Mathematics involves providing pupils with opportunities to develop and improve their skills in counting, understanding and using numbers, calculating simple addition and subtraction problems; and to describe shapes, spaces, and measures.

At home

  • Encourage your child to observe that numbers are everywhere – house numbers, road signs, prices, television, number plates and buses.
  • Ask your child to sort washing into colours.
  • Make patterns with everyday objects or count out the cutlery needed at meal times. Are there enough plates for everyone?
  • Look for shapes in the home, in the street, in shops or in toys.
  • Count items such as the stairs, toys, books, fingers, toes.
  • At bath time provide children with containers to experiment with capacity, developing concepts such as full and empty.

Understanding the World 

Understanding the world involves guiding pupils to make sense of their physical world and their community through opportunities to explore, observe and find out about people, places, technology and the environment.

At home

  • Encourage your child to use their senses – what does it look, feel, smell like?  Ask them to feel different textures and develop vocabulary to describe them.
  • Talk to your child about the seasons and the weather and observe the changes with them.
  • Talk about events in the past and future.  Use photographs.
  • When walking or travelling, talk and name different landmarks, animals, plants, birds that are seen.
  • Through books and television, discuss the differences between other countries and cultures.

Expressive Arts and Design 

Expressive arts and design involves enabling pupils to explore and play with a wide range of media and materials, as well as providing opportunities and encouragement for sharing their thoughts, ideas and feelings through a variety of activities in art, music, movement, dance, role-play, and design and technology.

At home

  • Provide opportunities for your child to experiment with paint, crayons or boxes for modelling.
  • Listen to different types of music together.
  • Let your child dress up and use props; they may wish to use their imagination and experiences to act out plays and games.
  • Children love to play with puppets.  Have a go at making your own simple puppets using old socks or wooden spoons.
  • Encourage your child to discuss their drawings or paintings by asking open-ended questions such as "tell me about your picture".